Learn ZigBee
A Companion Website for

"ZigBee Wireless Networks and Transceivers" Book

Your Subtitle text

This page contains papers, tutorials and standard documents related to short-range, low data-rate wireless networking. This list is work in progress and will be updated on regular basis. You can suggest resources to be added to the list below by sending an email to:

Last Update: Jan 30th 2009


  • Antenna Tutorial (Aerocomm White Paper) (download)
  • Chip Antenna Example (Fractus Antenna Design Manual) (download)
  • Compact Integrated Antennas (Freescale Application Note) (download)
  • Folded Dipole Antenna Example (TI Application Note) (download)
  • Inverted-F Antenna Example (TI design Note(download)
  • ISM-Band and Short Range Device Antennas (TI Application Report) (download)
  • Klemm, M., et al., "A Novel Circularly Polarized Textile Antenna for Wearable Applications", proceedings of 34th European Microwave Conference, Oct 2004, pp 137-140 (download) (Requires IEEEXplore Access)
  • Patch Antenna Design Example (download)  (Requires IEEEXplore Access)
  • Smith, K. "Antennas for Low Power Applications", RFM Application Note (download)
  • Verdal, A. R., et al., "Development and Performance Evaluation of an Antenna Diversity Module for Industrial Communication based on IEEE 802.15.4", Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Emerging Technologies & Factory Automation, 2007, pp. 177-186 (download) (Requires IEEEXplore access)

Applications > Healthcare

  • Xueliang, X., et al., "A Health Care System Based on PLC and Zigbee", Proceedings of International Conference on Wireless Communications, Networking and Mobile Computing, Sep 2007, pp.3063-3066 (download) (Requires IEEEXplore Access)
  • Rodríguez Ascaso, A. "Telecare, Design for All and Independent Living", Presented in Human Factors and the Digital Home Workshop. ETSI, October 2004 (download)
  • Dagtas¸ S., et. al, "Multi-stage Real Time Health Monitoring via ZigBee in Smart Homes", Presented in IEEE International Conference on Advanced Information Networking and Applications Workshops (AINAW), May 2007 (download)

Applications > Light Control 

  • Burda, R., et al., "Multimedia over 802.15.4 and ZigBee Networks for Ambient Environment Control", Proceedings of IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference, 2007, pp 179-183 (download) (Requires IEEEXplore Access)
  • Huang, H., et al., "An Implementation of Battery-aware Wireless Sensor Network Using ZigBee for Multimedia Service", Proceedings of Intenrnational Conference on Consumer Electronics, 2006, pp. 369-370,  (download) (Requires IEEEXplore Access)
  • Lee, J. D., et al., "Development of Zigbee based Street Light Control System",  IEEE Power Systems Conference and Exposition, 2006, pp.2236-2240 (download)  (Requires IEEEXplore Access)

Applications > Multimedia

  • Burda, R., et al, "Multimedia over 802.15.4 and ZigBee Networks for Ambient Environment Control", IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference, 2007, pp. 179-183 (download) (Requires IEEEXplore Access) 
  • Pekhteryev, G., "Image Transmission over IEEE 802.15.4 and ZigBee Networks", Proceedings of IEEE ISCAS, May 2005, pp.  3539- 3542  (download) (Requires IEEEXplore Access)  

Applications > Civil Structural Health Monitoring

  • Lynch, J. P., "Overview of Wireless Sensors for Real-Time Health Monitoring of Civil Structures", Proceedings of the 4th International Workshop on Structural Control and Monitoring, New York City, NY, June 10-11, 2004. (download)
  • Additional Resources on Structural Health Monitoring are available from Dr. Lynch's website (Click Here).

Battery Life > Effect of Pulsing 

  • Chiasserini, C. F., et al, "Pulsed battery discharge in communication devices", Proceedings of the 5th annual ACM/IEEE international conference on Mobile computing and networking, 1999, Pages:88-95, (download) (Requires ACM Portal Access)
  • Ebert J., "Energy-efficient Communication in Ad Hoc Wireless Local Area Networks", Dr. Ing. Dissertation, TU-Berlin, 2004 (download) (Read section 2.4.2 for effect of pulsing)
  • Park, S., et al., "Battery Capacity Measurement And Analysis Using Lithium Coin Cell Battery" International Symposium on Low Power Electronics and Design, 2001, Pages: 382-387 (download) (Requires IEEEXplore Access)

Battery Life > Power Saving Methods > DPM and DVS

  • Pillai, P., et al., "Real-Time Dynamic Voltage Scaling for Low-Power Embedded Operating Systems", The ACM Symposium on Operating Systems Principles (SOSP), 2001 (download)
  • Snowdon D., et al., "Power Management and Dynamic Voltage Scaling: Myths and Facts", Proceedings of International Workshop on Power-aware Real-time Computing, 2005, New Jersey, USA (download) 

 Battery Life > Power Saving Methods > Efficient Routing > Battery Aware Routing > Remaining Energy Method

  • Bachir, A., et al., "A Synthetic Function for Energy-Delay Mapping in Energy Efficient Routing", Third Annual Conference on Wireless On-demand Network Systems and Services, 2006, Pages: 170-178 (download)
  • Gomes, R., et al, "Evaluation of Energy Heuristics to On-Demand Routes Establishment in Wireless Sensor Networks", Proceedings of The Third Annual Conference on Wireless On demand Network Systems and Services, 2006, (download)
  • Kang, I., "Maximizing static network lifetime of wireless broadcast ad hoc networks", Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Communications, 2003, Pages:2256- 2261 (download) (Requires IEEEXplore Access) 
  • Longbi, L., et al., "Energy-aware routing in sensor networks: A large system approach", ACM Ad Hoc Networks Journal, Aug 2007, Pages 818-831 (download) (Requires ACM Portal Access)
  • Schurgers, C., et al., "Energy efficient routing in wireless sensor networks", Proceedings of IEEE MILCOM, 2001, Pages: 357-361  (download) (Requires IEEEXplore Access)  
 Battery Life > Power Saving Methods > Efficient Routing > Battery Aware Routing > Charge Recovery Method
  • Chiasserini C., et al., "Improving Battery Performance by Using Traffic Shaping Techniques", IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications, July 2001, Pages: 1385-1394 (download) (Requires IEEEXplore Access)

Battery Life > Power Saving Methods > Efficient Routing > Location Aware Routing

  • Akl, R., et al., "Grid-based Coordinated Routing in Wireless Sensor Networks", Proceedings of IEEE Consumer Communications and Networking Conference, 2007, Pages:860-864 (download) (Requires IEEEXplore Access) 
  • Cardeli, M., et al., "Maximum Network Lifetime in Wireless Sensor Networks with Adjustable Sensing Ranges", Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Wireless And Mobile Computing, Networking And Communications, 2005, Pages:438- 445  (download) (Requires IEEEXplore Access)
  • Zeng, K., et al., "Energy-Aware Geographic Routing in Lossy Wireless Sensor Networks with Environmental Energy Supply", Proceedings of the 3rd international conference on Quality of service in heterogeneous wired/wireless networks, 2006, Article No. 8 (download) (Requires ACM Portal Access) 

 Battery Life > Power Saving Methods > Efficient Routing > Using Directional Antennas

  • Gossain, H., et al., "DRP: An Efficient Directional Routing Protocol for Mobile Ad Hoc Networks", IEEE Transactions on Parallel and Distributed Systems , Dec 2006, Pages: 1438-1541 (download) (Requires IEEEXplore Access)  
  • Spyropoulos, A., et al., "Energy Efficient Communications in Ad Hoc Networks Using Directional Antennas", IEEE INFOCOM, 2002, Pages:220- 228 (download) (Requires IEEEXplore Access)  
  • Wang, K., et al., "Energy-Efficient Routing Algorithms Using Directional Antennas for Mobile Ad Hoc Networks",International Journal of Wireless Information Networks, April 2002, Pages 105-118 (download) (Requires Subscription) 

Related Technologies > Virtual Automation Networks (VAN)

  • Virtual Automation Networks (VAN) Website (Click Here). 


  • Latest ZigBee Specification, Application Profiles, and Clusters (here)
  • Latest IEEE 802.15.4 Specification (here)

Website Builder